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中山大学政务龙坛(39)

讲座主题:Educational Expansion and Educational Achievement in Comparative Perspective
讲座嘉宾:美国加州大学洛杉矶分校 Donald J. Treiman教授
主 持 人:中山大学政务学院马骏教授
时 间:2012年12月17日(周一)19:00-20:30
地 点:东校区北学院楼D215
主办单位:中山大学政治与公共事务管理学院 中山大学中国公共管理研究中心
讲座嘉宾简介:
Donald J. TREIMAN is Distinguished Professor of Sociology Emeritus at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). He retired from regular teaching in 2009 but continues an active research career and short-course teaching in many parts of the world. He has a B.A. from Reed College (1962) and an M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago (1967).Prior to moving to UCLA in 1975 he taught at the University of Wisconsin and Columbia University. He has enjoyed fellowship years at the U.S. Bureau of the Census (1987-88), the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral and Social Sciences (1992-93), and the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences (1996-97),and is spending the fall term, 2012, as Visiting Research Professor at the National University of Singapore. This year the American Sociological Association Section on Inequality, Poverty, and Mobility honored him with the Robert M. Hauser Distinguished Career Award.
Prof. Treiman started his career as a student of social stratification and status attainment, particularly from a cross-national perspective, and this has remained a continuing interest. He and his Dutch colleague, Harry Ganzeboom, have been engaged in a long-term cross- national project to analyze variations in the status attainment process across nations throughout the world over the course of the 20th century. To date they have compiled an archive of nearly500 sample surveys from more than 50 nations, ranging through the last half of the century. His presentation will be drawn from this research. In addition to his comparative project, Prof. Treiman has conducted large scale national probability sample surveys in South Africa(1991-94), Eastern Europe (1993-94), and China (1996), all concerned with various aspects of social inequality.
His current research has moved in a more demographic direction and is increasingly focused on China. In 2008 he carried out a national probability sample survey in China, which focused on the determinants, dynamics, and consequences of internal migration. He currently is working with colleagues on a new national probability sample survey in China, focusing on the consequences of internal migration for children.
 
附:Educational Expansion and Educational Achievement in Comparative Perspective
Abstract
We carry out an analysis of societal variations in the process of educational attainment using a multilevel modeling strategy to assess how societal modernization, educational expansion, educational inequality, a world-wide secular trend toward greater equality of opportunity, and communist educational policies affect the dependence of educational attainment on parental status and the gender gap in educational attainment. Using data from about 50 societies, we define five-year school cohorts ranging from the late 19th century through the late 20th century and carry out our analysis based on the several hundred “contexts” (created by crossing cohort by country) for which we have adequate data. We develop arguments as to why educational reproduction should be reduced by educational expansion but reinforced by educational inequality and as to why the level of education should increase and the gender gap diminish with societal modernization and over time, and we pose several claims regarding the impact of communism on equality of educational opportunity. Our hypotheses are generally confirmed.

发布时间:2012-12-14     点击数: